THERE ARE OVER 47 KNOWN SPECIES of termites in North America. Worldwide the figure stands at over 2,600. New discoveries are made all the time.
Temites live in colonies within a highly structured caste system where each member performs a specific job. Members are grouped into three categories: workers, soldiers and reproductives.
Reproductives (the queen and king) are responsible for producing members, soldiers are in charge of providing defense and workers go searching for food to feed the entire colony. Workers also build mud tubes for transportation which provides protection from predators and sun light.
Colonies are either ground-based, living in the soil, or surface-based, existing in wood.