- Louse or Lice for plural form, are mostly scavengers. Generally, they latch onto a human host and feed on the skin found on the host's body. Normally lice do not live in colonies. However, once established on the human host they will reproduce in size and number and continue to live off of the host until completely removed. There are many different types of lice, with some species pertaining only animals or humans, and others being able to go to any other species.
- Lice can be found all over the world. With a wide range of species, they can tolerate various environments. Lice are generally spread among people through direct contact and from contact with inanimate objects, like combs, beds, etc. They can live in fabrics and cloths for several days, which allow ample opportunity to spread. They are active all seasons of the year which keeps the transmission of the bug at a steady rate.
- Lice are not known to spread disease. However they can occasionally cause typhus and trench fever. Don't be alarmed though, as lice infestation is usually more of an itchy skin irritation.
You are at greatest risk of getting lice if you come into close contact with someone who already has lice. Direct contact is the most common way to get lice, however, you can also get it from contact with an infected animals or infected persons clothing (such as hat, coat, scarves, hair ribbon) or other personal items (such as a brush, comb). Avoid contact with those infected and be sure to get your house inspected if you notice your animal of family excessively itching.