Fruit flies are also known as vinegar flies and are widely used for biological research because they breed quickly and are easy to sustain. There can be confusion surrounding the term fruit flies with several species such as Tephritidae and Ceratitis capitata also termed fruit flies, however Drosophila melanogaster refers to the common fruit fly.
Fruit flies are a yellow-brown fly with red eyes and black rings along the abdomen. The females are generally 2.5 mm long and the males are slightly smaller. Notable for high egg counts and a fast reproduction cycle, a female lays around 400 eggs into rotting or decrying fruit or other material such as mushrooms. The eggs hatch within 12-15 hours with total development time averaging 8.5 days. Under crowded conditions the development time shortens significantly making an infestation quick to occur.
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