Once distributed throughout the world, anopheles mosquito eradication efforts now limit malaria to endemic areas, such as tropical and sub-tropical climates, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Cases of malaria in the US are usually concentrated in travelers returning from African countries.
Standing water is ideal breeding grounds for Anopheles
During America’s colonial era, people thought malaria was caused by bad air, taking the name for the Italian term for bad air, “mal aria.” Believed to be caused by swamp gas and decaying animal and vegetable matter, southern US coastal indigo and rice planters contributed to the malaria problem by growing crops that require standing water, ideal conditions for mosquito breeding.
Female anopheles need blood meal to reproduce effectively
Female anopheles mosquitoes, requiring a blood meal in order to reproduce, attack human and animal hosts, transmitting the protozoan parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, that causes malaria in humans and another parasite that causes the often, deadly heartworm in canines.
Summer storms and hurricanes can contribute to malaria outbreaks
As anopheles mosquitoes and other disease-causing mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water, summer storms and hurricanes can leave ideal mosquito infestation conditions in their aftermaths. Because anopheles mosquitoes pose threats to you and your family it is important to contact a professional pest control company to treat anopheles mosquito infestations. Contact your local Truly Nolen location to schedule a free pest inspection and to develop a plan to eliminate mosquitoes from your property.